TABLE 1.

Baseline Characteristics of Study Participants

CharacteristicCase Management (n = 139)Control (n = 136)P
Child’s age, y, mean ± SD8.9 ± 5.08.9 ± 4.9.96
Parent’s age, y, mean ± SD36.7 ± 9.136.7 ± 8.9.98
Annual combined family income, median (range)$13 200 ($0–72 000)$12 945 ($0–48 000).41
Annual combined family income, no. (%)*.57
    0–100% of federal poverty threshold92 (69)86 (73)
    101–200% of federal poverty threshold36 (27)30 (25)
    >200% of federal poverty threshold5 (4)2 (2)
Number of children in family, no. (%).64
    149 (35)42 (31)
    252 (37)54 (40)
    325 (18)21 (15)
    ≥413 (9)18 (13)
Parent’s ethnicity, no. (%).51
    Colombian58 (42)47 (35)
    Dominican27 (19)24 (18)
    Salvadoran29 (21)32 (24)
    Guatemalan7 (5)13 (10)
    Mexican3 (2)6 (4)
    Other15 (11)14 (10)
At least 1 parent employed full-time, no. (%)119 (86)99 (73).01
Parental citizenship, no. (%).96
    US citizen14 (10)15 (11)
    Legal resident69 (51)67 (49)
    Undocumented56 (40)54 (40)
Parent limited in English proficiency, no. (%)127 (91)126 (93).96
Parental marital status, no. (%).82
    Married63 (45)59 (43)
    Separated19 (14)15 (11)
    Divorced9 (6)9 (7)
    Single29 (21)39 (29)
    Common law16 (12)12 (9)
    Widowed/other3 (2)2 (1)
Parental educational attainment, no. (%).75
    None/grade school43 (31)38 (28)
    6th to 11th grade24 (17)20 (15)
    High school graduate38 (28)44 (32)
    Some college11 (8)15 (11)
    College degree22 (16)19 (14)
Lost/withdrew from study before any follow up contact, no. (%)4 (3)12 (9).04
Follow-up contacts, no., mean ± SD§8.3 ± 2.27.9 ± 2.3.14
Recruitment site, no. (%).91
    East Boston101 (73)98 (72)
    Jamaica Plain38 (27)38 (28)
Participant recruitment in relation to policy change in state coverage of uninsured children, no. (%).02
    Before policy change38 (27)20 (15)
    Restrictive change in effect14 (10)22 (17)
    Reestablishment of most of prior policy87 (63)94 (70)
  • * Three parents in the intervention group and 18 in the control group chose not to answer questions on family income.

  • US Census definition of self-rated English-speaking ability of less than very well (ie, well, not very well, or not at all).

  • Associate, bachelor’s, or postgraduate degree.

  • § Among participants with any follow-up contacts.