TABLE 3.

Relation Between Exposure to Movie Smoking and Adolescent Smoking Initiation

Risk FactorAssociation With Smoking Initiation
Crude OR*Adjusted OR (95% CI)
Quartiles of movie smoking exposure
    FirstReferenceReference
    Second2.9*1.7 (1.1, 2.6)
    Third5.5*1.8 (1.2, 2.8)
    Fourth12.6*2.6 (1.7, 4.1)
Age, y
    10ReferenceReference
    113.0*2.5 (1.4, 4.5)
    125.2*3.2 (1.8, 5.7)
    1311.0*4.4 (2.6, 7.6)
    1419.7*6.3 (3.7, 10.7)
Gender
    MaleReferenceReference
    Female0.91.1 (0.9, 1.4)
Race
    WhiteReferenceReference
    Hispanic1.11.0 (0.7, 1.3)
    Black1.21.1 (0.7, 1.6)
    Other1.21.0 (0.7, 1.6)
Parent education
    High school graduate or lessReferenceReference
    Some college, vocational/technical, or associates degree0.7*0.8 (0.6, 1.0)
    Bachelors, graduate, or professional degree0.4*0.6 (0.5, 0.9)
Peer smoking
    NoReferenceReference
    Yes10.6*3.3 (2.6, 4.2)
Parent smoking
    NoReferenceReference
    Yes3.1*1.8 (1.5, 2.3)
Sibling smoking
    NoReferenceReference
    Yes4.3*2.3 (1.8, 2.9)
School performance
    ExcellentReferenceReference
    Good1.9*1.0 (0.7, 1.4)
    Average/below average3.8*0.9 (0.7, 1.4)
Sensation seeking1.4*1.1 (1.0, 1.1)
Rebelliousness1.3*1.2 (1.1, 1.2)
Self-esteem0.8*1.0 (0.9, 1.0)
Parenting: style-demandingness0.9*1.0 (0.9, 1.0)
Parenting: style-responsiveness0.9*1.0 (1.0, 1.0)
  • * P < .05.

  • Adjusted for all variables listed.

  • Modeled as a continuous variable (OR represents a 1-unit increase in the variable).