TABLE 2.

Unadjusted Association Between Exposure to Movie Smoking, Covariates, and Smoking Initiation

Risk FactorPercent*Ratio of Means: Exposure to Smoking in MoviesPrevalence of Smoking Initiation*
Quartiles of movie exposure
    First24.8Reference0.022
    Second25.33.60.061
    Third25.17.40.112
    Fourth24.715.90.218
Age, y
    1020.5Reference0.017
    1120.41.20.044
    1220.31.60.079
    1319.42.00.146
    1419.42.50.239
Gender
    Male51.5Reference0.109
    Female48.50.80.097
Race
    White61.6Reference0.098
    Hispanic16.11.10.107
    Black15.11.30.116
    Other7.11.10.113
Parent education
    High school graduate or less39.2Reference0.134
    Some college, vocational/technical, or associates degree30.61.00.103
    Bachelors, graduate, or professional degree30.20.90.064
Peer smoking
    No78.9Reference0.044
    Yes21.11.80.324
Parent smoking
    No65.6Reference0.064
    Yes34.41.30.174
Sibling smoking
    No86.1Reference0.077
    Yes13.91.40.262
School performance
    Excellent30.2Reference0.053
    Good42.21.20.093
    Average/below average27.61.40.175
Sensation seeking
    Below median48.5Reference0.034
    Above median51.51.70.168
Rebelliousness
    Below median42.5Reference0.033
    Above median57.51.50.155
Self-esteem
    Below median33.3Reference0.148
    Above median66.70.90.081
Parenting: style-demandingness
    Below median46.8Reference0.135
    Above median53.20.80.076
Parenting: style-responsiveness
    Below median45.8Reference0.146
    Above median54.20.80.067
  • * Weighted to reflect the US population of adolescents aged 10–14 years.

  • For each category the ratio equals mean movie smoking exposure divided by mean movie smoking exposure in the referent category.

  • P ≤ .001 for the test of overall significance of categories within this variable.