TABLE 3.

CVD Risk Factors in 2 Groups of Nondiabetic US Adolescents Aged 12 to 19 Years, NHANES 1999–2000

Risk FactorNormal Fasting GlucoseIFG*
Fasting glucose, mg/dL88.6 (0.3)103.7 (0.7)
HbA1c, %5.01 (0.03)5.29 (0.05)
    Cholesterol, mg/dL
    Total157.5 (1.4)174.2 (6.7)
    HDL48.9 (0.6)44.2 (2.4)
    LDL91.5 (1.4)105.8 (5.7)
Triglycerides, mg/dL§77.7 (74.4–81.2)99.1 (79.5–123.5)
    Blood pressure, mm Hg
    Systolic109.8 (0.5)114.6 (2.4)
    Diastolic64.8 (0.6)62.1 (1.9)
Fasting insulin, pmol/L§63.1 (59.9–66.6)98.0 (73.5–130.5)
  • Values are means (SE) unless otherwise indicated.

  • * 2004 ADA IFG definition.

  • P < .01 versus “normal” value, by t test.

  • P < .05 versus “normal” value, by t test.

  • § Values are geometric means (95% CI).