TABLE 1.

General Characteristics of Nondiabetic US Adolescents Aged 12 to 19 years, NHANES 1999–2000

CharacteristicsAll*Non-Hispanic WhiteNon-Hispanic BlackMexican American
Sample size915205243407
Population represented27 million17 million3.8 million2.7 million
Age, y15.3 (0.2)15.4 (0.2)15.1 (0.2)15.3 (0.1)
Fasting plasma glucose, mg/dL89.7 (0.4)90.0 (0.5)88.4 (0.5)91.5 (0.6)
HbA1c, %5.03 (0.03)4.99 (0.03)5.18 (0.03)5.06 (0.02)
Overweight status, N911203242406
    Normal, % (SE)70.0 (2.0)76.0 (3.2)55.3 (3.7)58.9 (2.7)
    At risk for overweight, % (SE)13.9 (1.6)12.1 (2.4)20.8 (2.8)17.6 (1.9)
    Overweight,§ % (SE)16.1 (1.8)11.9 (2.5)23.9 (3.4)23.5 (3.1)
Waist-to-height ratio
    <95th percentile, %94.6 (0.9)95.4 (1.4)92.5 (1.6)92.2 (1.9)
    ≥95th percentile, %5.4 (0.9)4.6 (1.4)7.5 (1.6)7.8 (1.7)
  • * Includes other races not shown separately.

  • Mean (SE).

  • Percentage with BMI ≥85th and <95th percentile.

  • § Percentage with BMI ≥95th percentile.

  • Gender-specific waist-to-height ratio.