Table 6.

Relation of Overweight to Clustering of Adverse Risk Factor Levels

Age Group (Years)Number of Risk Factors*nNumber (%) Who Are Overweight% Female% BlackAdjusted OR
 5–1001670119  (7%)48%36%1.0 (ref)
1464103  (22%)49%39%3.8
211848  (41%) ‖18353%25%9.7
33224  (75%)62%25%43.5
≥488  (100%)50%12%
Overall2292302
11–1702214216  (10%)48%37%1.0 (ref)
1677155  (23%)51%37%2.8
222390  (40%) ‖29551%24%6.5
35840  (69%)48%21%22.6
≥41310  (77%)62%8%29.8
Overall3185511
  • * Number of risk factors is the sum of TG >130 mg/dL, LDLC >130 mg/dL, HDLC <35 mg/dL, insulin >95th P, and either SBP >95th P or DBP >95th P; the maximum number of risk factors is 5. All analyses are limited to the 5477 schoolchildren who were examined in the last four (of seven) cross-sectional examinations in Bogalusa; insulin levels were not measured before 1980.

  • Values in parentheses represent percentage of subjects in risk factor category who are overweight; these values correspond to sensitivity.

  • Overall, about half of the sample was female, and about one-third was black.