TABLE 2.

Baseline Comparison of Intervention and Control Groups

VariableIntervention Group (n = 140)Control Group (n = 140)
Maternal age, y
    <206 (4)4 (3)
    20–35118 (84)116 (83)
    >3516 (11)20 (14)
First pregnancy64 (46)62 (44)
Type of delivery
    Vaginal64 (46)59 (42)
    Cesarean76 (54)81 (58)
Maternal education, y
    ≤855 (39)56 (40)
    >885 (61)84 (60)
Planned return to outside employment after childbirth33 (24)37 (26)
Maternal smoking
    Before pregnancy49 (35)46 (33)
    During pregnancy19 (14)25 (18)
    After birth33 (24)37 (26)
Father's education, y
    ≤864 (46)66 (47)
    >876 (54)73 (53)
Father's smoking69 (49)64 (46)
Previous children breastfed66/76 (87)62/78 (79)
Mothers breastfed during infancy111 (79)109 (78)
Fathers breastfed during infancy103 (74)94 (67)
Early (<2 h) mother–newborn contact after delivery2 (1)
Rooming-in140 (100)140 (100)
  • Data are n (%).