Table 3.

Clinical Outcomes

Fortified Human MilkPreterm Formula
Oxygen therapy (days) 19  ± 21* 33  ± 41
NEC,n (%) 1 (1.6)6 (13)
NEC surgery (n)03
Late-onset sepsis, n (%)§ 19 (31)22 (48)
Late-onset sepsis (no. of episodes per infant) 0.3  ± 0.50.6  ± 0.7
Positive blood cultures (no. per infant) 0.5  ± 0.91.2  ± 1.7
NEC or late-onset sepsis, n(%) 19 (31)25 (54)
  • Abbreviation: NEC, necrotizing enterocolitis.

  • * Values are mean ± SD.

  • P = .02,

  • P ≤ .01,

  • § P = .07,

  • Differences between groups:

    P = .03.