TABLE 3.

Concerns of Conscience According to Subspecialty Within Professions

Attending Physicians (n = 209)House Officers (n = 116)Nurses (n = 456)χ2 Test: Attending Physician Versus Nurse
Critical Care (n = 25)Hematology/ Oncology (n = 53)Other Specialty (n = 131)Critical Care (n = 267)Hematology/ Oncology (n = 89)Other Specialty (n = 100)Critical CareHematology/ OncologyOther Specialty
At times, I have acted against my conscience in providing treatment to children in my care (question 47)
    Agree, %38253054483854NSNS19.78; P < .001
    Uncertain, %12191923201323
    Disagree, %50565123324822
    χ2 test: subspecialtyNS14.82; P = .0051
Sometimes I feel we are saving children who should not be saved (question 55)
    Agree, %80366878693567NSNSNS
    Uncertain, %20262012192518
    Disagree, %0381210124014
    χ2 test: subspecialty27.98; P < .000145.81; P < .0001
Sometimes I feel we give up on children too soon (question 48)
    Agree, %8465323NSNSNS
    Uncertain, %124137567
    Disagree, %80928187929290
    χ2 test: subspecialtyNSNS
Sometimes I feel the treatments I offer children are overly burdensome (question 43)
    Agree, %56316663323353NSNSNS
    Uncertain, %20351518283125
    Disagree, %24352019403622
    χ2 test: subspecialty18.66; P = .000915.62; P = .0036
  • Disagree includes respondents who answered 1 or 2, uncertain includes respondents who answered 3, and agree includes respondents who answered 4 or 5, on a scale ranging from 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree. NS indicates not significant.