Table 2B.

Mortality and Morbidity in ELBWI According to Initial Ventilatory Support (Matched Pairs 1994 vs 1996)

EI/MV in the DRSecondary EI/MV (RDS)No EI/MV Attributable to RDS*
A 1994A 1996A 1994B 1996A 1994C 1996
n 2222101019 19
Mortality, n(%)8 (36)7 (32)3 (30)1 (10)4 (21)  0
Air leak, n(%)6 (27)4 (18)3 (30)2 (20)5 (26)  1 (5)
NEC, n(%)3 (14)3 (14)1 (10)01 (5)  0
PDA, n(%)5 (23)8 (36)5 (50)4 (40)4 (21)  2 (11)
BPD, n(%)7 (50)6 (40)5 (71)2 (22)5 (33)  0§
ROP >grade 2, n(%)02 (13)1 (14)3 (33)1 (7)  0
IVH >grade 2, n(%)9 (41)6 (27)5 (50)3 (30)5 (26)  0§
IVH >grade 2, n(%)4 (29)3 (20)2 (29)3 (33)2 (13)  0
Hospital days104 ± 20106 ± 27111 ± 41107 ± 64105 ± 3879 ± 18§
  • * A total of 5 ELBWI had no RDS but EI/MV attributable to sepsis (n = 1) or apnea (n = 4) at the age of 77 (21–168) h.

  • Numbers are different from the whole groups, only data of pairs matched for gestational age and weight are given.

  • Survivors.

  • § P < .05.