TABLE 3.

Pre- and Postintervention Means and Change in Means for Outcome Variables

nPreintervention, Mean (SD)Postintervention, Mean (SD)Change Score, Mean (SD)*Change Score, P
Child health services
    No. of health service needs514.65 (2.62)4.57 (2.69)−0.08 (1.74).5715
    Utilization of health care services
    Primary care physician visits503.58 (1.16)2.94 (1.06)−0.64 (1.34).0013
    Specialty care physician visits503.56 (1.23)3.04 (1.19)−0.52 (1.16).0028
    In-patient hospitalizations501.72 (0.90)1.66 (0.87)−0.06 (0.77).5455
    In-home nursing care501.44 (1.21)1.36 (0.92)−0.08 (0.94).8125
Satisfaction with health services
    Primary care§511.88 (0.89)2.16 (1.03)0.27 (0.87).0221
    Specialty care§442.11 (0.99)2.16 (1.18)0.05 (1.20).7166
    Emergency care§262.38 (0.85)2.38 (0.80)0.0 (0.89)1.00
    Inpatient hospital care§222.41 (0.80)2.32 (0.89)−0.09 (0.97).6066
    Mental health services§112.82 (0.98)2.91 (1.38)0.09 (1.87).7969
    Care coordination§473.09 (1.14)2.51 (1.02)−0.57 (1.41).0070
    Therapies331.62 (.50)1.59 (.47)−0.03 (0.50).6158
    Medical supplies and equipment451.64 (.52)1.70 (.58)0.07 (0.54).5327
Family functioning
    Total number of needs (FNS)519.51 (7.09)7.65 (6.42)−1.86 (3.96).0013
    Information512.80 (2.19)2.51 (2.08)−0.29 (1.69).2433
    Support512.39 (1.86)1.96 (1.85)−0.43 (1.36).0309
    Explaining to others511.08 (1.40)0.80 (1.37)−0.27 (1.33).1187
    Community services511.12 (1.09)0.98 (1.10)−0.14 (0.94).3466
    Financial needs511.22 (1.58)0.82 (1.37)−0.39 (1.36).0426
    Family functioning510.90 (1.20)0.57 (1.08)−0.33 (1.05).0358
    Perceived family impact (IFS)4437.77 (10.54)35.48 (10.47)−2.30 (6.33).0212
    Familial/social impact4521.67 (6.37)20.09 (6.43)−1.58 (3.91).0157
    Personal strain5015.76 (4.62)15.26 (4.40)−0.50 (3.01).3635
    Missed work days#503.60 (2.43)3.10 (2.00)−0.50 (2.22).1431
Child functioning
    Child functional status (FS II-R)**5179.97 (17.13)80.39 (15.62).42 (17.02).6278
    Missed school days#363.47 (2.14)2.75 (1.95)−.72 (1.72).0161
  • * The change in mean value for each variable was calculated by subtracting its preintervention mean from its postintervention mean. Statistical analyses of change scores were conducted with Wilcoxon signed rank tests.

  • Selected from a checklist of 11 possible health service options.

  • Five-point scale (1 = no utilization to 5 = >8 times for physician visits and hospitalizations, >20 times for in-home nursing).

  • § Five-point scale (1 = excellent to 5 = poor).

  • Three-point scale (1 = excellent to 3 = poor), responses averaged across therapies received and across supplies/equipment used.

  • Four-point scale (1 = strongly disagree to 4 = strongly agree), responses summed; higher scores reflect worse family outcomes.

  • # Seven-point scale (1 = no days missed to 7 = >20 days).

  • ** A 100-point scale (0 = lowest functioning to 100 = highest functioning).