Table 6.

Gastrointestinal Signs and Symptoms in the First 6 Mo by Pacifier Use

NeverY, at 4 WkY, at 6 Mo
not 4 Wk
Y, at 4 Wk
and 6 Mo
P
Possets often?
 % Posseted (25.3%)22.3726.022.927.86-168
 OR unadjusted1.001.20 (1.05, 1.37)1.01 (0.84, 1.22)1.31 (1.19, 1.45)6-168
 OR adjusted1.001.35 (1.16, 1.56)1.15 (0.93, 1.42)1.53 (1.36, 1.73)6-168
Has ever been ill with diarrhea or gastroenteritis?
 % Diarrhea/gastroenteritis (28.1%)21.928.829.732.66-168
 OR unadjusted1.001.44 (1.27, 1.64)1.51 (1.26, 1.80)1.72 (1.56, 1.90)6-168
 OR adjusted1.001.23 (1.07, 1.43)1.44 (1.18, 1.75)1.25 (1.11, 1.41)6-168
Has choked on feeding?
 % Choked (21.3%)21.422.418.521.3NS
 OR unadjusted1.001.06 (0.93, 1.21)0.83 (0.68, 1.02)0.99 (0.89, 1.10)NS
 OR adjusted1.001.10 (0.95, 1.28)0.75 (0.60, 0.95)1.01 (0.89, 1.14)*
Ever had vomiting?
 % Vomited (31.2%)28.234.230.532.66-168
 OR unadjusted1.001.32 (1.17, 1.49)1.12 (0.94, 1.33)1.23 (1.12, 1.35)6-168
 OR adjusted1.001.27 (1.10, 1.45)0.99 (0.82, 1.21)1.09 (0.97, 1.97)**
Has blood in stools?
 % Blood (3.9%)3.33.73.94.6*
 OR unadjusted1.001.13 (0.83, 1.53)1.19 (0.78, 1.81)1.42 (1.13, 1.78)*
 OR adjusted1.001.21 (0.85, 1.72)1.24 (0.77, 2.00)1.49 (1.12, 1.97)*
  • Percentages denote the prevalence of the outcome within the pacifier history group.

    Adjusted OR allowed for all the variables in Table 2.

  • F6-168 P < .0001;

  • F6-165 P < .001;

  • ** P < .01;

  • * P < .05; NS,P ≥ .05.