Table 3.

Markers of Ill Health in the First 6 Months by Pacifier Use

NeverY, at 4 WkY, at 6 Mo not 4 WkY at 4 Wk and 6 MoP
Health of the baby within past months?
 % Not “very healthy” (40.0%)36.539.245.842.13-165
 OR unadjusted1.001.12 (0.99, 1.25)1.47 (1.25, 1.73)1.26 (1.16, 1.38)3-165
 OR adjusted1.001.13 (0.99, 1.28)1.41 (1.18, 1.70)1.19 (1.07, 1.32)3-165
Has doctor been called to home for ill baby?
 % Home visit (29.9%)23.531.032.034.43-168
 OR unadjusted1.001.46 (1.29, 1.66)1.53 (1.28, 1.82)1.70 (1.55, 1.88)3-168
 OR adjusted1.001.26 (1.09, 1.46)1.33 (1.09, 1.62)1.34 (1.19, 1.50)3-168
Child been taken to the doctor?
 % doctor visit (74.4%)70.275.575.577.23-168
 OR unadjusted1.001.31 (1.15, 1.49)1.31 (1.09, 1.57)1.43 (1.30, 1.58)3-168
 OR adjusted1.001.22 (1.05, 1.41)1.31 (1.06, 1.61)1.28 (1.14, 1.44)3-168
Child been admitted to hospital?
 % Hospital stay (11.2%)9.011.514.812.33-168
 OR unadjusted1.001.31 (1.09, 1.58)1.76 (1.40, 2.23)1.43 (1.24, 1.64)3-168
 OR adjusted1.001.25 (1.00, 1.55)1.27 (0.95, 1.70)1.31 (1.10, 1.56)*
  • Percentages denote the prevalence of the outcome within the pacifier history group.

    Adjusted OR allowed for all the variables in Table 2.

  • F3-168 P < .0001;

  • F3-165 P < .001;

  • ** P < .01;

  • * P < .05; NS,P ≥ .05.