TABLE 2.

Children With Diagnoses of Neurosensory Abnormality at 20 Months and 8 Years

20 mo (N = 200), n (%)8 y (N = 200), n (%)
Major neurologic abnormality37 (19)32 (16)
    Cerebral palsy29 (15)*31 (16)
    Hypertonia5 (3)
    Hypotonia2 (1)§
    Hydrocephalus1 (0.5)1 (0.5)
Hearing loss17 (9)26 (14)#
Blindness1 (0.5)**0
  • * At 8 years, 2 children with diplegia and 1 with hemiplegia were considered normal.

  • Three children, considered normal at 20 months, were diagnosed with cerebral palsy at 8 years (2 with hemiplegia and 1 with diplegia).

  • At 8 years, 4 were considered normal and 1 had diplegia.

  • § At 8 years, 1 was considered normal and 1 had hemiplegia.

  • Shunt-dependent hydrocephalus without other neurosensory abnormality. Five additional children had a shunt (3 with cerebral palsy, 1 hypertonia, and 1 with deafness).

  • Unilateral or bilateral hearing loss; 10 of these children had hearing aids and 9 children had cerebral palsy, including 1 with a shunt. Four children did not have hearing aids or cerebral palsy; 2 of these children had unilateral hearing loss and 2 had bilateral hearing loss.

  • # Includes 3 children who had hearing aids; 6 additional children had bilateral hearing and 17 unilateral hearing loss of >25 dB in at least 2 frequencies. Five of the children also had cerebral palsy.

  • ** Also has severe cerebral palsy and was not considered blind at 8 years old.