TABLE 1.

Maternal Demographic Risk Factors, Infant Birth Data, and Neonatal Risk Factors

N = 200
Maternal demographic data*
    Age, y, mean ± SD27.5 ± 6
    Married status, n (%)50 (50)
    Black race, n (%)121 (60)
    Education
        <High school, n (%)26 (13)
        High school, n (%)74 (37)
        >High school, n (%)100 (50)
Infant birth data
    Birth weight, g, mean ± SD811 ± 125
    Gestational age, wk, mean ± SD26.4 ± 2
    Male gender, n (%)81 (41)
    Multiple birth, n (%)35 (18)
    Small for gestational age, n (%)46 (23)
Neonatal risk factors
    Chronic lung disease, n (%)88 (44)
    Discharge on oxygen, n (%)§61 (31)
    Periventricular hemorrhage
        Grade I or II, n (%)73 (37)
        Grade III or IV, n (%)26 (13)
Periventricular leukomalacia, n (%)14 (7)
Ventricular dilatation at discharge, n (%)29 (15)
Severely abnormal cerebral ultrasound, n (%)48 (24)
Duration of hospital stay, d, mean ± SD96 ± 39
  • * At the time of the child’s birth

  • Birth weight less than −2 SD for gestational age.61

  • O2 dependence at 36 weeks’ CA.17

  • § Includes children referred to home and to a chronic care facility.

  • Includes grade III or IV bleed, periventricular leukomalacia, or ventricular dilatation at discharge.