Table 2.

Comparison of Performance on the ENNAS

ENNAS (Items)Mean Scores of Individual Items/(Median Score)Percent With Abnormal Scores on Items
CHDControlsPValueCHDControlsP Value
Orienting items
 Visual follow27.88  (29)40.35  (41)0.0001*52.024.00.0001*
 Auditory alerting31.55  (33)43.22  (43)0.0001*90.319.60.0001*
Reflexes
 Rooting1.60  (2)2.45  (3)0.0001*4.82.10.59
 Sucking1.92  (2)2.94  (3)0.0001*7.50.00.09
 Grasp1.98  (2)2.75  (3)0.0001*2.72.10.99
 Moro2.24  (2)2.96  (3)0.0001*4.92.10.59
 Withdrawal1.78  (2)1.11  (1)0.0001*
 Tonic neck reflex0.21  (0)0.45  (0)0.102.42.10.99
 Rotation2.94  (3)3.07  (3)0.350.00.00.99
Passive and active movements
 Lateral position preference0.57  (1)0.78  (1)0.11
 Popliteal angle1.88  (2)2.00  (2)0.584.92.10.59
 Arm recoil2.16  (2)2.67  (3)0.001*62.512.50.0001*
 Head extension1.39  (1)2.34  (2)0.0001*14.70.00.01*
 Traction1.86  (2)2.57  (3)0.0001*19.54.20.04*
 Head lag1.33  (1)2.26  (2)0.0001*37.810.40.04*
 Active head extension1.03  (1)1.87  (2)0.0001*12.50.00.02*
 Extremity movements1.63  (2)2.94  (3)0.0001*12.10.00.03*
 Ventral suspension1.33  (1)2.19  (2)0.0001*11.10.00.06
Summary items
 Cuddliness (postural tone)2.59  (3)3.96  (4)0.0001*36.12.10.0001*
 Spontaneous movements1.14  (1)2.06  (2)0.0001*7.30.00.09
 Tremor0.17  (0)0.21  (0)0.7011.118.70.37
 Muscle tone1.78  (2)2.00  (2)0.001*50.10.00.0001*
  • * Significant differences.