Table 9.

Infant Deaths and IMR for the 10 Leading Causes of Infant Death in 1997: United States, Final 1979 and 1996, and Preliminary 1997

Cause of Death and ICD–9 CodesRank*199719961979Percent Change 1979–1997
NumberPercentRateNumberPercentRateNumberPercentRate
All causes27 692  100.0711.028 487  100.0732.045 665100.01306.8−45.6
Congenital anomalies (740–759)16063  21.9155.76381  22.4164.0892319.5255.4−39.0
Disorders relating to short gestation and unspecified low birth weight (765)23727  13.595.73902  13.7100.334957.7100.0−4.3
SIDS (798.0)32705  9.869.43050  10.778.4527911.6151.1−54.1
RDS (769)41262  4.632.41362  4.835.0545812.0156.2−79.3
Newborn affected by maternal complications of pregnancy (761)51242  4.531.91249  4.432.116213.546.4−31.3
Newborn affected by complications of placenta, cord, and membranes (762)6927  3.323.8949  3.324.49702.127.8−14.4
Infections specific to the perinatal period (771)7756  2.719.4756  2.719.49812.128.1−31.0
Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)8753  2.719.3804  2.820.710802.430.9−37.5
Intrauterine hypoxia and birth asphyxia (768)9456  1.611.7428  1.511.013933.139.9−70.7
Pneumonia and influenza (480–487)10397  1.410.2496  1.712.711292.532.3−68.4
  • * Rank based on number of deaths.

  • Rate per 100 000 live births.