Table 7.

IMR, NMR, PNMR, Perinatal Mortality Rate, and Fetal Mortality Rate by Race of Mother: Final 1980 and 1996, and Preliminary 1997

199719961980Percent Change
1980–1997
IMR*,7.17.312.6−43.7
 White6.06.110.9−45.0
 Black13.714.721.4−36.0
 Black:white ratio2.32.42.0
NMR*,4.74.88.5−44.7
 White3.94.07.4−47.3
 Black9.09.614.1−36.2
 Black:white ratio2.32.41.9
PNMR*,2.42.54.1−41.5
 White2.02.13.5−42.9
 Black4.75.17.3−35.6
 Black:white ratio2.42.42.1
Perinatal mortality rate*,7.413.2−43.9
 White6.411.8−45.8
 Black13.321.3−37.6
 Black:white ratio2.11.8
Fetal mortality rate*,§6.99.1−24.2
 White5.98.1−27.2
 Black12.514.7−15.0
 Black:white ratio2.11.8
  • * Includes races other than white and black.

  • Rate per 1000 live births.

  • Number of fetal deaths at ≥28 weeks of gestation plus number of infant deaths at <7 days of age per 1000 live births plus fetal deaths.

  • § Number of fetal deaths at ≥20 weeks of gestation per 1000 live births plus fetal deaths.

  • Percent change is from 1980–1996 because preliminary 1997 data is not available.

    Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, 1980–1997.