Table 12.

Deaths and Death Rates for the Five Leading Causes of Childhood Death in Specified Age Groups in 1997: United States, Final 1979 and 1996 and Preliminary 1997

Cause of Death and AgeRank*199719961979Percent Change 1979–1997
NumberPercentRateNumberPercentRateNumberPercentRate
Total: 1–19 years
 All causes27 489100.037.628 941100.039.940 339100.058.1−35.3
 Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)111 69442.516.012 33642.617.021 72753.931.3−48.9
 Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)2322811.74.4385813.35.328997.24.24.8
 Suicide (E950–E959)321277.72.921197.32.919404.82.83.6
 Malignant neoplasms (140–208)421247.72.921377.42.932718.14.7−38.3
 Congenital anomalies (740–759)512164.41.712864.41.818994.72.7−37.0
1–4 Years
 All causes5471100.035.65948100.038.38108100.064.2−44.5
 Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)1195835.812.8214736.113.8334941.326.5−51.7
 Congenital anomalies (740–759)259610.93.963810.74.1102112.68.1−51.9
 Malignant neoplasms (140–208)34588.43.04247.12.75787.14.6−34.8
 Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)43456.32.34207.12.73143.92.5−8.0
 Diseases of heart (390–398, 402, 404–429)51953.61.32173.61.42653.32.1−38.1
5–9 Years
 All causes3646100.018.53780100.019.45278100.031.1−40.5
 Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)1152441.87.7158842.08.2270751.316.0−51.9
 Malignant neoplasms (140–208)251814.22.652313.82.779115.04.7−44.7
 Congenital anomalies (740–759)32145.91.12416.41.22895.51.7−35.3
 Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)41594.40.81794.70.91653.11.0−20.0
 Diseases of heart (390–398, 402, 404–429)51383.80.71293.40.71192.30.7
10–14 Years
 All causes4398100.023.14550100.024.05868100.031.8−27.4
 Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)1180541.09.5184540.69.7298250.816.2−41.4
 Malignant neoplasms (140–208)247710.92.550511.12.776113.04.1−39.0
 Suicide (E950–E959)33087.01.62986.61.6151§2.60.8100.0
 Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)42786.31.53357.41.8229§3.91.225.0
 Congenital anomalies (740–759)52114.81.12164.81.1289§4.91.6−31.3
15–19 Years
 All causes13 974100.073.314 663100.078.621 085100.098.8−25.8
 Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)1640745.933.6675646.136.212 68960.259.4−43.4
 Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)2244617.512.8292419.915.7219110.410.324.3
 Suicide (E950–E959)3181413.09.5181712.49.717888.58.413.1
 Malignant neoplasms (140–208)46714.83.56854.73.711415.45.3−34.0
 Diseases of heart (390–398, 402, 404–429)53822.72.04072.82.23951.91.95.3
  • * Rank based on number of deaths.

  • Rate per 100 000 population in specified group.

  • In 1996, homicide was the third leading cause of death for children 10–14 years old, and suicide ranked fourth.

  • § In 1979, congenital anomalies was the third leading cause of death for children 10–14 years old, with a total of 289 deaths and a death rate of 1.6; homicide was ranked the fourth, suicide sixth, and diseases of heart fifth.

    Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, 1979–1997.