Table 11.

Mortality From Selected Causes of Death: United States, Final 1979 and 1996, and Preliminary 1997

Causes of Death and ICD–9 CodesRank*199719961979Percent Change in Age-adjusted Rate, 1979–1997
NumberPercentRateNumberPercentRateNumberPercentRate
All causes2 314 729100.0478.22 314 690100.0491.61 913 841100.0577.0−17.1
Major cardiovascular diseases (390–448)942 68040.7165.4950 16441.1170.7958 28250.1254.2−34.9
 Diseases of heart (390–398, 402, 404–429)1725 79031.4129.9733 36131.7134.5733 23538.3199.5−34.9
 Cerebrovascular diseases (430–438)3159 8776.925.9159 9426.926.4169 4888.941.6−37.7
Malignant neoplasms (140–208)2537 39023.2125.0539 53323.3127.9403 39521.1130.8−4.4
 Digestive system (150–159)126 1095.527.9126 4955.528.5109 1255.733.1−15.7
 Respiratory system (160–165)158 2346.838.6157 2716.839.3103 1785.435.29.7
 Breast (174–175)42 1811.810.543 4481.911.034 6221.812.2−13.9
 Genital organs (179–187)58 5392.511.960 0802.612.545 4022.413.6−12.5
 Urinary organs (188–189)23 2711.05.023 0041.05.117 4430.95.2−3.8
Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (490–496)4110 6374.821.4106 0274.621.049 9332.614.646.6
Pneumonia and influenza (480–487)688 3833.813.283 7273.612.845 0302.411.217.9
Diabetes mellitus (250)762 3322.713.461 7672.713.633 1921.79.836.7
Chronic liver disease and cirrhosis (571)1024 7651.17.225 0471.17.529 7201.612.0−40.0
Nephritis, nephrotic syndrome, and nephrosis (580–589)925 5701.14.524 3041.04.315 7290.84.34.7
Infectious and parasitic diseases (001–139)52 5382.313.765 7912.818.815 3605.0§
 Tuberculosis (010–018)11650.10.312020.10.320070.10.7−57.1
 Septicemia (038)22 6041.04.221 4230.94.180242.382.6
 HIV infection (*042–*044)16 6850.75.931 1301.311.1
 Viral hepatitis (070)39080.21.137800.21.17530.00.3266.7
Accidents and adverse effects (E800–E949)592 1914.028.994 9484.130.4105 3125.542.9−32.6
 Motor vehicle accidents (E810–E825)42 4201.815.543 6491.916.253 5242.823.2−33.2
 All other accidents (E800–E807, E826–E949)49 7722.213.451 2992.214.251 7882.719.6−31.6
Suicide (E950–E959)829 7251.310.330 9031.310.827 2061.411.7−12.0
Homicide and legal intervention (E960–E978)18 7740.87.520 9710.98.522 5501.210.2−26.5
Certain perinatal conditions (760–779)12 5650.5322.612 9550.6332.923 3221.2667.4−51.7
  • * Rank based on 1997 data. Ranking is shown for 10 leading causes only. For an explanation of ranking procedures, see Technical Appendix, Vital Statistics of the United States. Vol II. Mortality. Pt. A (published annually).

  • Age-adjusted death rate per 100 000 US standard population.

  • Two separate sets of weights were applied to mortality records: one for demographic and one for cause-of-death data, resulting in slight inconsistencies in the number of deaths between Tables 1 and 11.

  • § Excludes HIV infection.

  • Because deaths from this cause occur primarily among infants, infant deaths, and mortality rates per 100 000 live births due to this cause are shown.

    —, Indicates comparable data not available for this time period.

    Source: National Center for Health Statistics, National Vital Statistics System, 1979–1997.