Table 4.

Body Measures of Singleton Infants Who Survived the Neonatal Period, by Mother–Child HIV Status in Butare, Rwanda, 1989–1994

Infant Body MeasureGroup 1: Mother Positive/Infant
Positive (n = 48)
Group 2: Mother Positive/Infant
Negative (n = 206)
Group 3: Mother Negative/Infant
Negative (n = 276)
nMean ± SDRangenMean ± SDRangenMean ± SDRange
Birth weight (g)452539  ± 431 1500 –34002032772  ± 4291700 –40002652824  ± 4081900 –4000
Crown-to-heel length (cm)4547.2  ± 2.541.0 –53.019647.7  ± 2.140.0 –55.026347.9  ± 2.043.0 –53.0
Head circumference (cm)4433.5  ± 1.6 29.4 –36.519534.2  ± 1.530.8 –38.026334.4  ± 1.430.5 –38.4
Ponderal index§ 442.42  ± 0.28 1.93 –3.241962.55  ± 0.281.60 –3.372612.57  ± 0.291.81 –3.65
Weight/head ratio 4375.7  ± 10.5 51.0 –97.119580.8  ± 10.553.1 –109.626181.9  ± 10.058.5 –111.1
  • * P ≤ .05;

  • P ≤ .01;

  • P ≤ .001. Groups 1 and 3 were compared with group 2, using the same linear regression model for both t tests.

  • § Birth weight × 100/crown-heel length3.

  • Birth weight/head circumference.