Table 3.

Description of Selected Intrapartum and Delivery Risk Factors

Cerebral Palsy
(n = 50)
Controls (n = 50)POther Neurologic Impairment (n = 22)Controls (n = 22)PTotal Neurologic Impairment (n = 72)Controls (n = 72)P
Antenatal steroid use7  (14%)8  (16%).784  (18%)3  (14%).6811  (15%)11  (15%)1.00
Complete steroid course4  (86%)8  (16%).223  (14%)3  (14%)1.007  (10%)11  (10%).31
Oxytocin therapy* 12  (24%)11  (22%).817  (32%)4  (18%).3019  (26%)15  (21%).43
Antibiotic therapy12  (24%)12  (24%)1.008  (36%)6  (27%).5220  (28%)18  (25%).71
Fetal Distress 18  (36%)23  (46%).3111  (50%)11  (50%)1.0029  (40%)34  (47%).40
Type of delivery
 Vaginal vertex28  (56%)22  (44%)7  (32%)11  (50%)35  (49%)33  (46%)
 Vaginal breech2  (4%)4  (8%).424  (18%)1  (5%).256  (8%)5  (7%).87
 Cesarean section20  (40%)24  (48%)11  (50%)10  (45%)31  (43%)34  (47%)
  • * Induction or augmentation.

  • Persistent fetal tachycardia (>200 beats per minute), bradycardia (<100 beats per minute), late fetal heart rate decelerations, poor fetal heart rate variability on fetal monitoring, or a cord pH <7.20.