TABLE 3.

Longitudinal Examination of Group Mean Scores and Individual Change Scores for Targeted YPL Competencies (n = 54)

Competencies*Group Scores, Mean (SD)Individual Change in Scores, % (n)
Baseline (T1)Post (T2)Post (T3)T1–T2T1–T3
Self-management
    1. Using a defined conceptual model of leadership to examine the strengths and weaknesses of my particular leadership style2.21 (0.91)4.15 (0.66)3.53 (0.85)Neg1.8 (1)5.6 (3)
No10.9 (6)14.8 (8)
Pos87.3 (48)79.6 (43)
    2. Using the specific strengths and skills of my leadership style3.20 (0.75)4.09 (0.67)3.94 (0.69)Neg5.4 (3)5.6 (3)
No30.4 (17)37.0 (20)
Pos64.3 (36)57.4 (31)
    3. Proactively working to improve the weaker areas of my leadership style2.88 (0.81)4.14 (0.76)3.73 (0.79)Neg5.4 (3)10.9 (6)
No19.6 (11)23.6 (13)
Pos75.0 (42)65.5 (36)
    4. Periodically and proactively seeking out feedback on my performance3.27 (1.12)4.00 (0.89)3.51 (0.72)Neg10.9 (6)29.1 (16)
No40.0 (22)32.7 (18)
Pos49.1 (27)38.2 (21)
    5. Identifying personal and professional goals, interests, and rewards3.73 (0.80)4.20 (0.76)4.33 (0.70)Neg10.7 (6)10.9 (6)
No50.0 (28)38.2 (21)
Pos39.3 (22)50.9 (28)
    6. Defining what tasks are urgent versus important on a regular basis to determine my foci based on my personal and professional priorities3.48 (0.85)3.98 (0.65)4.05 (0.89)Neg14.3 (8)9.1 (5)
No39.3 (22)40.0 (22)
Pos46.4 (26)50.9 (28)
Systems management
    7. Applying a systems perspective when making changes in my workplace or community2.45 (1.11)3.65 (0.83)3.64 (0.76)Neg7.3 (4)3.6 (2)
No25.5 (14)25.5 (14)
Pos67.3 (37)70.9 (39)
    8. Thinking “out of the box” to identify barriers and to brainstorm solutions3.34 (0.79)4.00 (0.78)4.09 (0.76)Neg8.9 (5)7.3 (4)
No32.1 (18)29.1 (16)
Pos58.9 (33)63.6 (35)
    9. Applying management tools personally or in a team process to define goals, identify barriers, and complete a task2.73 (0.94)3.91 (0.89)3.69 (0.75)Neg5.4 (3)12.7 (7)
No28.6 (16)18.2 (10)
Pos66.1 (37)69.1 (38)
Team leadership
    10. Knowing what defines a team, when to use a team, and how to use a team3.38 (0.90)4.27 (0.67)4.13 (0.73)Neg10.9 (6)5.5 (3)
No29.1 (16)38.2 (21)
Pos60.0 (33)56.4 (31)
    11. Identifying the diverse styles and skills of my co-workers on teams that I work with in my setting3.34 (0.90)4.11 (0.65)4.07 (0.75)Neg10.7 (6)12.7 (7)
No33.9 (19)29.1 (16)
Pos55.4 (31)58.2 (32)
    12. Building on the diversity of styles and skills in team members to achieve a better product than possible working by myself2.96 (0.83)4.05 (0.67)3.91 (0.73)Neg5.4 (3)5.5 (3)
No25.0 (14)29.1 (16)
Pos69.6 (39)65.5 (36)
    13. Effectively using a team to accomplish tasks in my professional setting3.13 (0.81)4.00 (0.67)3.67 (0.67)Neg5.4 (3)12.7 (7)
No28.6 (16)38.2 (21)
Pos66.1 (37)49.1 (27)
    14. Using my particular position on a team or in an organization to influence the outcomes of a conflict, even if I am not the person “in charge”3.29 (0.82)3.66 (0.67)4.07 (0.75)Neg14.3 (8)5.5 (3)
No48.2 (27)36.4 (20)
Pos37.5 (21)58.2 (32)
    15. Quickly identifying when conflict is occurring and what factors are triggering that situation3.38 (0.91)3.73 (0.70)3.93 (0.80)Neg19.6 (11)12.7 (7)
No35.7 (20)30.9 (17)
Pos44.6 (25)56.4 (31)
    16. Knowing my personal approach to managing conflict and varying my approach as needed for a specific situation3.20 (0.92)3.75 (0.80)4.04 (0.85)Neg17.9 (10)7.3 (4)
No30.4 (17)32.7 (18)
Pos51.8 (29)60.0 (33)
    17. Managing people by delegating tasks where possible, helping them to prioritize objectives, and monitoring their progress3.09 (0.98)3.68 (0.72)3.73 (0.83)Neg5.4 (3)14.5 (8)
No50.0 (28)34.5 (19)
Pos44.6 (25)50.9 (28)
    18. Giving feedback to co-workers in a constructive and timely manner that includes their strengths as well as weaknesses3.09 (0.84)3.93 (0.80)3.73 (0.79)Neg10.9 (6)16.4 (9)
No25.5 (14)23.6 (13)
Pos63.6 (35)60.0 (33)
    19. Closely listening to all points of view (eg, co-workers, community stakeholders) before communicating my perspective3.46 (0.81)4.13 (0.84)3.93 (0.88)Neg10.7 (6)16.7 (9)
No30.4 (17)38.9 (21)
Pos58.9 (33)44.4 (24)
    20. Engaging others in a task or project by speaking with conviction about the higher purpose of our work3.25 (0.92)4.20 (0.80)4.02 (0.85)†Neg5.4 (3)9.3 (5)
No23.2 (13)31.5 (17)
Pos71.4 (40)59.3 (32)
  • Neg indicates negative; Pos, positive.

  • * Competencies are rated on a 5-point Likert scale on which 1 = weak and 5 = strong.

  • P < .001.

  • P < .01.