TABLE 1.

Baseline Characteristics of the Study Groups

VariablesLGA/GDM (n = 42)AGA/GDM (n = 52)LGA/Control (n = 43)AGA/Control (n = 42)P Value
Birth weight, g, mean (SD)4107 (386)*3316 (310)4132 (285)*3370 (282).0001
Female, %45505244.85
White, %959498100.73
Maternal obesity, %35202612.08
Maternal weight gain, kg, mean (SD)14.3 (7)13.4 (7)15.8 (6)14.6 (5).30
Hollingshead socioeconomic status index, mean (SD)45.2 (11)43.1 (12)40.9 (12)42.6 (10).36
  • Analyses of means were by analysis of variance; analyses of proportions were by χ2 test.

  • * Posthoc test for analysis of variance results, P < .05, compared with AGA/control group.

  • Posthoc test for analysis of variance results, P < .05, compared with AGA/GDM group.

  • Prepregnancy BMI of >27.3 mg/m2.