TABLE 3.

AOR of Overweight at Follow-up Among 3- and 4-Year-Old Children by Consumption of Sweet Drinks and Weight Status at Baseline

Sweet Drinks Per Day*NPrevalence of Overweight at Follow-up, %Model I AOR (95% CI)Model II AOR (95% CI)Model III AOR (95% CI)§
Normal or underweight at baseline (BMI <85th percentile)
    0–<19522.3ReferentReferentReferent
    1–<221473.41.5 (0.9–2.4)1.5 (0.9–2.4)1.5 (0.9–2.4)
    2–<317373.21.4 (0.8–2.4)1.4 (0.8–2.2)1.4 (0.8–2.3)
    ≥333923.01.3 (0.8–2.1)1.2 (0.8–2.0)1.3 (0.8–2.1)
At risk for overweight at baseline (BMI 85th–<95th percentile)
    0–<118816.5ReferentReferentReferent
    1–<243225.91.8 (1.2–2.9)2.0 (1.3–3.2)2.0 (1.3–3.2)
    2–<332827.11.9 (1.2–3.0)2.1 (1.3–3.4)2.0 (1.2–3.2)
    ≥363125.41.7 (1.1–2.7)1.9 (1.2–3.0)1.8 (1.1–2.8)
Overweight at baseline (BMI ≥95th percentile)
    0–<112454.8ReferentReferentReferent
    1–<231268.61.7 (1.1–2.7)2.1 (1.3–3.3)2.1 (1.3–3.4)
    2–<320471.11.9 (1.2–3.0)2.2 (1.4–3.7)2.2 (1.4–3.7)
    ≥345766.71.6 (1.0–2.4)1.8 (1.1–2.8)1.8 (1.1–2.9)
  • * Includes sodas, fruit drinks, vitamin C-containing juices, and other juices.

  • Adjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, and birth weight.

  • Adjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, birth weight, sweet food intake, and high-fat food intake.

  • § Adjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, birth weight, sweet food intake, high-fat food intake, and total energy intake.