TABLE 1.

Selected Sociodemographic, Health Insurance Coverage, and Health Status Characteristics of White, Black, and Hispanic Children 4 to 35 Months of Age and Their Parents in the United States in 2000

CharacteristicProportion or Mean (95% CI)P Value
White (N = 718)Black (N = 477)Hispanic (N = 817)
Mean age, mo19.5 (18.7–20.3)19.5 (18.4–20.6)18.7 (17.9–19.5).22
Male gender, %53 (49–57)48 (42–54)51 (47–56).34
Mean mother's age, y30.0 (29.5–30.6)26.8 (26.0–27.5)27.0 (26.5–27.5)<.001
Mean no. of children in household2.09 (2.01–2.17)2.32 (2.19–2.45)2.34 (2.24–2.44)<.001
Mean no. of adults in household2.06 (2.02–2.11)1.95 (1.84–2.05)2.40 (2.30–2.50)<.001
Mother's highest level of education, %<.001
    Less than 12th grade11 (8–14)26 (20–32)49 (44–53)
    High school graduate34 (30–38)40 (34–46)30 (26–34)
    At least 1 year of college55 (51–60)34 (29–39)22 (18–25)
Mother married, %*81 (78–85)32 (27–37)58 (53–62)<.001
Mother not employed, %45 (40–49)39 (33–45)53 (49–57)<.001
Annual combined family income, %<.001
    $0–$75004 (2–5)16 (11–21)13 (9–16)
    $7501–$17 5009 (7–12)33 (26–39)35 (30–39)
    $17 501–$35 00028 (21–33)27 (19–35)34 (27–40)
    $35 001–$60 00029 (23–35)14 (9–20)12 (8–16)
    $60 001–$75 00011 (8–14)4 (2–6)4 (2–5)
    >$75 00020 (17–23)6 (4–8)3 (2–4)
No trouble paying for child's medical expenses, %87 (84–90)89 (86–93)84 (81–88).09
No trouble paying for food, diapers, and other supplies for child, %79 (75–83)77 (72–82)71 (67–76).01
No trouble paying for child care, %84 (80–87)82 (77–87)86 (83–89).68
Health insurance coverage, %<.001
    None9 (7–12)18 (14–23)31 (27–36)
    Private72 (67–76)32 (27–37)29 (25–33)
    Public19 (16–23)50 (44–56)40 (36–44)
Child is in excellent/very good health, %90 (87–92)79 (73–84)72 (67–76)<.001
  • Data are from the 2000 NSECH. Numbers of children are the numbers for whom responses were available. Percentages are weighted to represent US children 4 to 35 months of age.

  • * But not divorced, separated, or widowed.

  • Uninsured at any time in the past 12 months or since birth for children <12 months of age.

  • By parental report.