TABLE 1.

Demographic Characteristics of Study Subjects (N = 1718)

Characteristicn%
Residence
    Seoul61335.7
    Anyang110564.3
Gender
    Male94254.8
    Female77645.2
Grade
    Seventh84649.2
    Eighth87250.8
Family structure*
    Living with both parents149987.3
    Living with father432.5
    Living with mother543.1
    Living with grandparents221.3
Parental education*
    Father ≤12 y74543.4
    Father >12 y92253.7
    Mother ≤12 y100258.3
    Mother >12 y61135.6
SES*
    High291.7
    Middle high29617.2
    Middle115066.9
    Middle low17410.1
    Low130.8
School bullying
    None1031 (532:499)60.0 (56.5:64.3)
    Victim only243 (151:92)14.1 (16.0:11.9)
    Perpetrator only290 (165:125)16.9 (17.5:16.1)
    Victim-perpetrator154 (94:60)9.0 (10.0:7.7)
  • Pearson χ2 test was performed to examine gender difference in school bullying types.

  • * Sum of percentage is not 100% as a result of missing data.

  • The numbers in parentheses are the numbers or percentages of male and female students.

  • P = .006.