TABLE 2.

Diagnostic Criteria for Meningitis and Bacterial Species Detected

Diagnostic CriteriaAge <1 yAge 1–4 yAge ≥5 yTotal
CSF culture
    S pneumoniae9101231
    H influenzae139224
    Nontyphoidal salmonella2002
    P aeruginosa0101
Latex antigen test
    S pneumoniae1102
    H influenzae5207
Gram-stain
    Gram-positive cocci1001
    Gram-negative rods0112
CSF pleocytosis or CSF/blood glucose ratio68721*
Total322291
  • * Four (19%) of 21 had a positive blood culture: S pneumoniae (n = 2), Escherichia coli (n = 1), nontyphoidal salmonella (n = 1).