Table 3.

Probability of Avoidable, ACS, or Any Hospitalization Among Children Using Any Ambulatory Care: ORs With 95% CI (n = 1.2 Million Child-Quarters)

Avoidable
(n = 6552)
ACS
(n = 16 116)
Any
Hospitalization*
(n = 48 023)
Quarter0.98  (0.97–0.98)0.98  (0.97–0.98)0.98  (0.98–0.98)
Urban1.05  (1.04–1.05)1.04  (1.04–1.04)1.02  (1.01–1.01)
Age0.95  (0.94–0.95)0.93  (0.92–0.93)1.04  (1.03–1.03)
Male0.86  (0.81–0.89)0.88  (0.86–0.91)1.09  (1.07–1.11)
White1.43  (1.04–1.43)1.18  (1.07–1.30)1.16  (1.10–1.22)
Black1.70  (1.24–1.70)1.35  (1.23–1.49)1.40  (1.3–1.47)
AFDC0.94  (0.88–1.00)0.87  (0.84–0.91)0.62  (0.61–0.64)
SSI2.17  (1.93–2.43)3.27  (3.06–3.49)2.04  (1.97–2.12)
MAC
enrollment
0.89  (0.83–0.97)0.96  (0.92–1.01)0.81  (0.79–0.84)
  • * Any hospitalization includes avoidable or ACS as well as all other pediatric hospitalizations, except newborn, psychiatric, or long-term.

  • The MAC enrollment variable reflects enrollment on an individual level. Referent groups for gender, race, and eligibility were female, races other than white or African-American, and Medical Assistance, respectively.