TABLE 1.

Demographic Data

Intervention (n = 72)Control (n = 83)
Gestational age, mean ± SD31.4 ± 1.931.6 ± 2.0
Birth weight, g, mean ± SD1500 ± 2981437 ± 257
Day of life fed, median (range)2.2 (0–20)2.6 (0–16)
Gender, n (%)
    Male38 (52.7)41 (49.4)
    Female34 (47.3)42 (50.6)
Race, n (%)
    Black21 (29.2)25 (30.1)
    Hispanic43 (59.7)44 (53.0)
    White/Asian8 (11.1)14 (16.9)
Respiratory distress syndrome, n (%)26 (36.1)29 (34.9)
Treated PDA, n (%)9 (11.6)8 (8.6)
Umbilical arterial catheter, n (%)21 (29.2)25 (30)
Formula, n (%)49 (68)55 (66)
Breast milk,*n (%)23 (32)28 (34)
  • PDA indicates patent ductus arteriosus.

  • * Partial or full volume.