TABLE 4.

Adjusted Estimate of Program Effects on Child Development Outcomes

SampleComparisonNurse-VisitedComparison vs. Nurse
LS MeanSELS MeanSEP ValueEffect Size
Academically engaged (teacher report)*Whole6.861.086.161.63.72−0.03
Low-resource4.231.544.742.33.860.02
Classroom social skills (teacher report)*Whole24.530.5924.930.89.710.03
Low-resource22.920.8224.541.23.270.14
Dysregulated aggression (story stems)Whole100.260.4999.240.74.26−0.10
Low-resource101.100.6798.581.00.04−0.25
Warmth/empathy (story stems)Whole99.510.49100.860.73.130.14
Low-resource98.980.66100.300.99.270.13
% incoherent stories (story stems)Whole25.221.2321.151.84.07−0.16
Low-resource29.841.7820.902.68.006−0.34
Mental processing composite (KABC)Whole90.240.5492.340.82.030.18
Low-resource87.640.7290.491.10.030.25
Arithmetic achievement (KABC)Whole88.610.6289.750.92.300.09
Low-resource85.420.8488.611.27.040.25
Reading achievement (KABC)Whole93.560.6293.790.93.840.02
Low-resource90.870.8692.071.29.440.09
Receptive vocabulary (PPVT-III)Whole82.130.5984.320.89.040.17
Low-resource79.080.8181.751.22.070.21
Proportion, %Proportion, %P ValueOdds Ratio
Internalizing problems (borderline/ clinical)§Whole14.712.6.500.84
Low-resource16.520.4.401.30
Externalizing problems (borderline/clinical)§Whole20.217.4.430.83
Low-resource24.221.7.630.87
Total problems (borderline/ clinical)§Whole5.41.8.040.32
Low-resource6.63.7.310.55
  • LS indicates least-squares.

  • * Derived from factor analysis of Hightower Teacher-Child Rating Scale.

  • Derived from children's narrative responses to McArthur Story Stem Battery.

  • Standardized to mean = 100, SD = 10.

  • § Based upon Achenbach Child Behavioral Problems Checklist.