Table 6.

False-positive82* (FP) Rate in Universal Infant Hearing Screening Programs

FP rate, %nMethod of Evaluation, PopulationReference
48.0117OAE, universalJacobson, 199444
28.0145MDM, well infantsDurieux-Smith, 198534
21.01850OAE, universalWhite, 199483
16.04915HHR, MDM, NICUSwigart, 198632
14.0197MDM, NICUMarcellino, 198529
7.5745ABR, NICUCevette, 198484
3.510 372AABR, universalMason (current study)
3.3189AABR, NICUHall, 198748
1.0398AABR, NICUHerrmann, 199549
.6628AABR, well infantsJoseph, 199350
.3850OAE, universal, 2-stage screeningWhite, 199483
.2451ABR, NICUHerrmann, 199549
.34022AABR, universal, 2-stage screeningMason (current study)
  • * False-alarm rate for the protocol is the percentage of normal hearing infants in the nursery who are incorrectly called hearing impaired. True normals = those who pass on initial screen and those who pass on diagnostic retest.82 All FP rates refer to a single-screen method except as noted.

  • Universal, both well and NICU infants; OAE, otoacoustic emissions test; MDM, motion detection method; HRR, high risk register; AABR, automated auditory brainstem response test; ABR, conventional auditory brainstem response test; NICU, neonatal intensive care unit infants.

  • The n reported here encompasses 2 years of births.