TABLE 3.

Bivariate Relationships for the Likelihood of Referring Patients Who Are at Risk for Dental Disease

Covariatesn% Likely to ReferOR (95% CI)P Value
Provider characteristics
    Profession type
        Physician13274.20.349 (0.115–1.059).063
        Physician's assistant or nurse practitioner3789.2
    Board certification
        Yes13574.1.029 (χ2)
        Other14100
    Years since graduation
        <53187.1
        5–<104979.60.578 (0.164–2.035).393
        10–<204276.20.474 (0.133–1.684).248
        20+4266.70.296 (0.087–1.014).053
    Opinions, 1 = low to 5 = high
        Perform oral assessment ≥4.514080.02.353 (0.972–5.696).058
        Other2763.0
    Confidence, 1 = low to 3 = high
        Screening and risk assessment mean ≥212383.73.565 (1.653–7.689).001
        Other4459.1
        Referral decision ≥215879.13.157 (0.907–10.987).071
        Other1154.6
    Behaviors, 1 = never to 4 = frequent
        Caries risk assessment ≥314180.12.374 (0.981–5.746).055
        Other2763.0
Practice characteristics
    Practice setting
        Group12181.82.323 (1.086–4.970).030
        Other4766.0
    No. of infants and toddlers per week
        80 or more3959.00.310 (0.141–0.681).004
        Other12482.3
    Proportion of all patients infants and toddlers
        >0.606167.20.425 (0.201–0.897).025
        Other9982.8
    Busyness
        All patients/hour >3.54266.70.444 (0.202–0.980).044
        Other12181.8
Referral environment
    Referral difficulty, 1 = not at all to 5 = very
        Emergency referral mean ≤34288.12.494 (0.898–6.927).079
        Other11974.8
        Overall referral mean <33293.85.347 (1.216–23.512).027
        Other13773.7