Table 4.

Infants With Bilateral Hearing Loss

Type and Degree of Loss*
(Arranged by Severity)
Age of IDAge of AHSp-lang dev/
Age at Testing
Sp-lang Test
Well infants:
 Mild sensorineural6 wkRefusedAA/3 yPR, Denver II
 Mild/moderate sensorineural4 wk10 wkAA/2 y, 10 moPLS-3
 Mild/moderate sensorineural7 wk12 wk>AA/2 y, 5 moREEL, PPVT
 Moderate sensorineural rt;
mild/moderate sensorineural lt
4 wk2 y, 5 mo12-mo delay/2 y, 9 moREEL
 Moderate sensorineural7 wk6 moAA/10 moSHLDS
 Moderate sensorineural4 wk12 wk>AA/1 y, 8 moSHLDS
 Moderate/severe mixed3 wk8 wk9 mo delay/2 y, 9 moREEL-2
 Moderate/severe sensorineural2 wk14 wkAA/3 yREEL
NICU infants:
 Moderate/severe conductive4 wk4 mo15 mo delay/31 moHELP
 Moderate/severe conductive2 wk8 wktoo youngNT
 Severe sensorineural5 wk10 mo1 y delay/2 yREEL-2
 Severe sensorineural rt; profound
sensorineural lt
4 mo9 mo6 mo delay/1 yCII, HELP
 Moderate/severe sensorineural rt;
severe/profound sensorineural lt
5 mo10 moNDNT
Profound sensorineural3 mononeNDNT
Profound sensorineural5 mo1 y, 2 modeceasedNT
  • Abbreviations: ID, identification; AH, amplification and habilitation; Sp-lang, speech and language; dev, development; AA, age appropriate; rt, right; lt, left; ND, neurologically devastated; PR, parent report; Denver II, Denver Developmental Screening Test II73; PLS-3, Preschool Language Scale 374; REEL, Receptive-expressive Emergent Language Scale75; PPVT, Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test76; NT, not tested; SHLDS, SKI

  • * HI Language Development Scale77; HELP, Hawaii Early Language Profile; CII, Communicative Intention Inventory.78

    Losses are symmetrical except as noted.

  • Poor hearing aid compliance.