TABLE 1.

Nature of Patient Contacts for Hand Hygiene Opportunities

High-risk contacts
    Invasive procedure: inserting intravenous catheter and drawing blood
    Handle wound, mucous membrane, and body fluids
    Change parenteral nutrition fluid
    Administer intravenous medication
    Care of long line
    Endotracheal suction
    Prolonged patient contact, eg, bathing, changing linen, change position, physiotherapy
Low-risk contacts
    Take observation
    Give oral medication
    Tube feeding
    Skin contact such as stimulation, padding, holding hands, touching