TABLE 4.

Adjusted Odds of Mothers' Restricting Their Children's Food Intake and Increment in Pressure on Child to Eat Score (0–20 Scale) at 1 Year Postpartum Among Infant Feeding Types at 6 Months of Age

Infant Feeding Type at 6 MonthsOdds of Mothers' Restricting Their Children's Food Intake at Age 1 YearIncrement in Pressure on Child to Eat Score at Age 1 Year
OR*95% CIβ*95% CI
Fed only formula since birth1(Reference)0(Reference)
Weaned0.720.34–1.550.21−0.70 to 1.12
Mixed feeding0.420.17–1.040.41−0.57 to 1.40
Fed only breast milk since birth0.270.10–0.720.20−0.78 to 1.18
  • Data from multivariate analyses of 1160 mother–infant pairs who participated in Project Viva.

  • * Estimates adjusted for maternal education, age, race/ethnicity, gravidity, prepregnancy BMI, household income, and enrollment center; mother's preexisting concerns that child would become overweight/underweight; mother's preexisting concerns that at 6 mo the child will not eat enough/will eat too much; and infant's gender, birth weight, and 6-mo weight-for-length percentile.