Table 1.

Other Risk Factors That Contribute to Earlier Onset of Coronary Heart Disease

Family history of premature coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, or occlusive peripheral vascular disease (definite onset before the age of 55 years in siblings, parent, or sibling of parent)
Cigarette smoking
Elevated blood pressure
Low HDL–cholesterol concentration (<35 mg/dL)
Severe obesity (≥95th percentile weight for height)
Diabetes mellitus
Physical inactivity