TABLE 3.

Characteristics of Patients With a Final Diagnosis of UTI Treated at the DTC or in the Hospital (Total N = 227)

VariableDTC Patients (n = 170)Hospitalized Patients (n = 57)
Female gender, no. (%)131 (77.1)32 (56.1)
First episode of UTI upon first visit, no. (%)148 (87.1)37 (64.9)
Admissions for UTI during study period, no. (%)
    1162 (95.3)51 (89.5)
    28 (4.7)6 (10.5)
Prior history of VUR, no. (%)
    No known VUR163 (95.9)39 (68.4)
    Grade I VUR1 (0.6)0
    Grade II VUR2 (1.2)5 (8.8)
    Grade III VUR1 (0.6)1 (1.8)
    Grade IV VUR06 (10.5)
    Grade V VUR2 (1.2)6 (10.5)
Use of antibiotic prophylaxis, no. (%)7 (4.1)18 (31.6)
Distance between home and hospital, no. (%)
    0–20 km99 (58.2)25 (43.9)
    21–50 km61 (35.9)23 (40.4)
    >50 km10 (5.9)9 (15.8)
Age, mo, median (range)12.0 (3.0–68.0)9.0 (3.0–61.0)
Temperature in ED, °C, mean (SD)39.2 (1.1)39.3 (1.1)