TABLE 2

Factors Associated with Children’s Type of Health Insurance

Private Versus UninsuredPublic Versus Uninsured
aOR95% CIaOR95% CI
Family type
 Opposite-sex, married1.00Reference1.00Reference
 Opposite-sex, unmarried0.460.44–0.48**1.421.36–1.48**
 Same-sex, dual fathers0.550.39–0.79**1.130.79–1.62
 Same-sex, dual mothers0.610.47–0.79**1.050.81–1.36
Age group
 <1 year1.00Reference1.00Reference
 1–5 years0.660.63–0.70**0.620.59–0.66**
 6–17 years0.550.52–0.58**0.440.41–0.46**
Race/ethnicity
 White1.00Reference1.00Reference
 Hispanic0.830.80–0.87**1.161.12–1.22**
 Black0.990.94–1.051.401.32–1.49**
 Asian1.181.10–1.26**1.441.33–1.55**
 Multiple/other0.780.73–0.83**0.990.92–1.06
Gender
 Male1.00Reference1.00Reference
 Female0.990.97–1.010.990.97–1.01
Citizenship
 Citizen1.00Reference1.00Reference
 Naturalized0.840.76–0.93**0.830.75–0.93**
 Noncitizen0.280.27–0.30**0.260.25–0.28**
Disability
 No disability1.00Reference1.00Reference
 Any disability1.241.17–1.31**2.442.30–2.59**
Relationship to reference person
 Biological son or daughter1.00Reference1.00Reference
 Adopted son or daughter0.960.88–1.041.971.80–2.15**
 Stepson or stepdaughter0.950.91–1.00*1.141.08–1.20**
Age of reference person
 15–24 years0.750.69–0.81**1.601.49–1.71**
 25–34 years0.890.86–0.92**1.311.26–1.35**
 35–44 years1.00Reference1.00Reference
 45–54 years1.041.00–1.07*0.850.82–0.89**
 55–64 years0.980.91–1.050.840.78–0.90**
 ≥65 years1.301.06–1.58**1.231.01–1.50*
Parents' combined income relative to FPG
 <100%0.070.07–0.0.08**4.844.53–5.17**
 100%–200%0.160.15–0.17**3.283.09–3.48**
 200%–300%0.320.31–0.34**1.851.74–1.96**
 300%–400%0.560.54–0.59**1.271.19–1.36**
 >400%1.00Reference1.00Reference
Work status of parents
 Any adult working full-time1.00Reference1.00Reference
 Only part-time adult workers0.480.46–0.51**1.241.19–1.30**
 All adults unemployed0.280.25–0.30**1.451.35–1.55**
 All adults not in labor force0.540.49–0.60**1.611.47–1.76**
Highest educational attainment of parents
 Less than high school0.160.15–0.17**0.850.80–0.89**
 High school graduate0.330.31–0.34**1.030.99–1.08
 Some college0.540.52–0.56**1.101.05–1.15**
 College degree or moreReference1.00Reference
Total number of children in household
 <21.00Reference1.00Reference
 ≥31.191.51–1.22**1.251.22–1.29**
Primary language spoken at home
 English only1.00Reference1.00Reference
 Not English0.510.49–0.53**0.900.87–0.95**
  • Source: 2008–2010 American Community Survey. Models are weighted and adjusted for variables listed, state, and survey year. **P < .01; *P < .05. FPG, federal poverty guidelines.