TABLE 2.

Clinical Characteristics, Interventions, and Separate Outcome Variables in NICU-Admitted Infants and Infants Discharged Alive

NICU-Admitted Infants (n = 303), n or n/N (%)Infants Discharged Alive (n = 175), n (%)
Major congenital malformation20 (6.6)7 (3.9)
Perinatal sepsis (<72 h of life)45 (15)19 (11)
Idiopathic respiratory distress syndrome261 (86.1)146 (83.4)
Endotracheal ventilation283 (93.3)154 (87.9)
Surfactant therapy236 (77.8)131 (74.8)
Air leak syndrome66 (21.7)28 (15.9)
CLD at postnatal age of 28 d143 (82)
CLD at postmenstrual age of 36 wk78 (44.5)
Postnatal steroid therapy139 (45.8)103 (58.8)
Erythropoietin treatment31 (17.7)
ICH grade 1–2*70/280 (24.9)46 (26.2)
ICH grade 3–470/280 (24.9)21 (11.9)
Cystic PVL21 (6.9)17 (9.7)
Treated hydrocephaly (permanent shunt)12 (6.8)
Abnormal or suspect neurologic status at discharge50 (28.5)
Surgical duct ligation28 (9.2)19 (10.8)
Treated ROP (laser or cryocoagulation)35 (19.9)
Surgical NEC or IP44 (14.5)28 (15.9)
Abdominal surgery53 (17.4)40 (23)
Permanent renal insufficiency11 (3.6)1 (.5)
  • * At least 1 ultrasound scan performed in 280 of the 303 admitted infants.

  • Serum level of creatinine >1.5 mg/dL at time of discharge or death.