TABLE 1.

Sample Characteristics for Categorical Variables (N = 869)

VariableCategories%
Gender of childMale50.6
Female49.4
Maternal education at birthCompleted high school61.2
Did not complete38.8
Race/ethnicityBlack52.8
Hispanic10.5
White, Asian, or other36.7
Intervention groupIntervention group38.3
Follow-up only group61.7
Maternal psychological distress at 40 weeks (measured on 12-item GHQ)Case28.5
Not case71.5
Marital status at birthMarried47.0
Single45.2
Divorced, separated, or widowed7.8
Living situation at birthLiving alone11.2
Living with boyfriend or father56.5
Living with relative or other32.3
Birth orderFirst45.7
Second30.6
Third13.8
Fourth or higher9.9
Gestational age at birth25–30 wk19.8
31–34 wk50.0
35–37 wk30.2
Trimester of first prenatal careFirst64.8
Second26.7
Third or none8.5
Maternal alcohol use during pregnancyAny12.5
None87.5
Maternal cigarette use during pregnancyAny33.1
None66.9