TABLE 2.

Clinical Characteristics of Pediatric and Adult Tuberculosis Cases, United States, 1993–2001

Pediatric*Adult
TotalUS-BornForeign-BornTotal
n%n%n%n%
Major site of disease11 480100.08603100.02781100.0169 587100.0
    Pulmonary882476.9663977.2211175.9135 50879.9
    Pleural1321.1921.1361.370134.1
    Lymphatic177815.5131315.345016.211 5126.8
    Bone or joint1561.4961.1592.136922.2
    Miliary1251.11041.2210.823551.4
    Meningeal2422.12042.4381.416020.9
    Other2171.91491.7662.478524.6
    Unknown60.0560.100.0530.03
TB case criteria11 480100.08603100.02781100.0169 587100.0
    Culture positive271223.6213624.855319.9143 04484.3
    Smear positive920.8760.9160.613640.8
    Clinical diagnosis604052.6437050.8162558.415 8129.3
    Provider diagnosis263623.0202123.558721.193675.5
Sputum smear for acid fast bacilli11480100.08603100.02781100.0169 587100.0
    Positive3623.22442.81164.265 04438.4
    Negative258422.5163819.092533.367 51039.8
    Not done835372.8657176.4171261.633 89720.0
    Unknown1811.61501.7281.031361.8
Sputum culture11 480100.08603100.02781100.0169 587100.0
    M tuberculosis positive8447.45646.62739.8104 04761.4
    M tuberculosis negative204817.8127814.975427.127 91816.5
    Not done828872.2652475.8169460.933 47119.7
    Unknown3002.62372.8602.241512.4
Chest radiograph§9062100.06838100.02150100.0139 686100.0
    Normal1822.01472.1351.651483.7
    Abnormal879997.1662596.9210397.8130 27793.3
        Cavitary4284.93174.81075.135 19327.0
    Unknown810.9661.0120.642613.1
TST11 480100.08603100.02781100.0169 587100.0
    Positive10 21389.0757988.1255591.991 89854.2
    Negative7336.46177.21104.023 96914.1
    Unknown5344.74074.71164.253 72031.7
Drug resistance2432100.01914100.0503100.0125 110100.0
    INH1787.31236.45510.994897.6
    MDR**401.6261.4142.818251.5
    2456100.01933100.0506100.0125 836100.0
    Any first-line drug††‡‡37215.227314.19719.215 42412.3
  • * Pediatric is defined as a person aged <15 years.

  • US-born and foreign-born status unknown for 96 (0.8%) pediatric TB cases.

  • See ref 2 (Appendix C) for definitions.

  • § Includes only individuals with pulmonary TB.

  • Percentage is among those with an abnormal chest radiograph.

  • Culture positive for M tuberculosis with initial susceptibility testing done for INH and rifampin.

  • # Resistance to at least INH and rifampin.

  • ** Culture positive for M tuberculosis with initial susceptibility testing done for INH, rifampin, ethambutol, pyrazinamide, or streptomycin.

  • †† Resistance to at least INH rifampin, ethambutol, pyrazinamide, or streptomycin.