TABLE 4.

Adjusted Odds Ratios of Infant Health Outcomes According to WIC Participation

OutcomesOdds Ratio (95% CI)P value*
No WIC (Access Problems) (N = 340)No WIC (No Perceived Need) (N = 188)WIC (N = 5,395)
Food insecurity1.25 (0.90, 2.01) (P = .18)0.40 (0.21, 0.77) (P = .005)1.00.008
Child health fair/poor1.92 (1.29, 2.87) (P = .0014)0.80 (0.41, 1.57) (P = .52)1.00.004
Overweight0.63 (0.29, 1.38) (P = .25)0.72 (0.28, 1.84) (P = .49)1.00.42
  • Multivariate regressions are adjusted for study site, race/ethnicity of infant, infant birth weight, months breastfed, infant’s age, caregiver’s employment status, caregiver’s education, household’s receipt of housing subsidy, caregiver’s receipt of public insurance, whether infant’s family received TANF benefits, and whether infant’s household received food stamps. CI, confidence interval.

  • * Three-group comparison.

  • Two-group comparison (each No WIC group versus WIC group).