TABLE 1.

Characteristics of WIC-Eligible Caregivers According to WIC Participation, 1998–2001

No WIC (Access Problems) (N = 340)No WIC (No Perceived Need) (N = 188)WIC (N = 5395)
Caregiver characteristics
 Study site, %*
  Baltimore, MD1159
  Boston, MA162124
  Washington, DC678
  Little Rock, AR8139
  Los Angeles, CA81916
  Minneapolis, MN513533
 Race/ethnicity, %
  African American514052
  Hispanic352839
  White10217
  Other4112
 Married, %*496245
 Age, y, mean ± SD25.8 ± 6.927.7 ± 7.325.6 ± 7.0
 High school graduate, %*313635
 Depressive symptoms (N = 3110), %312434
 Caregiver employed, %253833
 Subsidized housing, %*16923
 Food stamp recipient, %321035
 TANF recipient, %*17723
Child characteristics
 Age of child, mo, mean ± SD3.2 ± 3.54.6 ± 3.75.0 ± 3.5
 Birth weight, g3133.7 ± 671.93296.1 ± 696.73182.4 ± 848.2
 Birth weight <2500 g, %13913
 Breastfeeding initiation, %626454
 Breastfed, mo, mean ± SD1.1 ± 2.11.6 ± 2.21.3 ± 2.3
 Dehydrated at visit, %122
  • Group comparisons used the χ2 test for categorical variables and t test for continuous variables.

  • * P < .0001.

  • P < .01.

  • P < .001.