TABLE 3.

Etiologies of 601 Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests

EtiologyEtiology, nEtiology, %Survival Data Known, nSurvived, nSurvived, %95% CI for % Survived
SIDS13623136000–3
Trauma11820118652–11
 Pedestrian auto48
 Abuse25
 Asphyxiation21
 Motor vehicle collision10
 Penetrating9
Respiratory961695202113–31
 Infectious33
 Unspecified19
 Reactive airways14
 Foreign body aspiration12
 Delivery of newborn10
Submersion73127212179–27
 Pool50
 Bathtub12
 Jacuzzi/spa4
 Lake/pond4
 Bucket1
 Washing machine1
Cardiac48848482–20
 Congenital33
 Cardiomyopathy6
 Myocarditis3
 Dysrhythmia2
 Congestive heart failure2
Central nervous system35635130–15
 Unspecified22
 Infection6
 Seizure4
 Tumor3
Burn616000–46
Poisoning6161170–64
 Opiates2
 Carbon Monoxide1
 Iron1
 Benzoates1
 Unspecified1
Other6310636104–20
 Prematurity18
 Sepsis14
 Congenital defects11
 Dehydration4
 Metabolic4
 Neglect4
 Unspecified3
 Anaphylaxis2
 Heat stroke1
 Human immunodeficiency virus1
 Malignancy1
Unknown20317160–29
  • CI indicates confidence interval.