TABLE 2.

Patient Characteristics

Patient CharacteristicNonsurvivors (n = 545)Survivors to Hospital Discharge (n = 51)Total (n = 601)P Value
Age category<.0001
 Neonate (0–28 days)46/545 (8%)13/51 (25%)59/601 (10%)
 Newborn20/545 (4%)11/51 (22%)31/601 (5%)
 Infant (29–364 days)255/545 (47%)10/51 (20%)269/601 (45%)
 Toddler (1–4 years)156/545 (29%)24/51 (47%)180/601 (30%)
 Child (5–12 years)88/545 (16%)4/51 (8%)93/601 (15%)
Gender
 Male310/545 (57%)34/51 (67%)349/601 (58%).18
Ethnicity.35
 Hispanic213/511 (42%)24/47 (51%)239/562 (43%)
 Non-Hispanic white146/511 (29%)11/47 (23%)159/562 (28%)
 African American102/511 (20%)5/47 (11%)107/562 (19%)
 Asian38/511 (7%)5/47 (11%)43/562 (8%)
 Other12/511 (2%)2/47 (4%)14/562 (2%)
Los Angeles County404/545 (74%)38/51 (75%)446/601 (74%).95
Arrest location.0056
 Home/residence337/496 (68%)23/43 (53%)363/543 (67%)
 Water60/496 (12%)12/43 (28%)73/543 (13%)
 Road/street48/496 (10%)2/43 (5%)50/543 (9%)
 Vehicle16/496 (3%)5/43 (12%)21/543 (4%)
 School/daycare14/496 (3%)1/43 (2%)15/543 (3%)
 Public/recreation site11/496 (2%)0/4311/543 (2%)
 Work10/496 (2%)0/4310/543 (2%)
Witnessed
 By any witness161/509 (32%)31/49 (63%)192/561 (34%)<.0001
 By EMS37/509 (7%)8/49 (16%)45/561 (8%).026
Bystander CPR164/535 (31%)16/51 (31%)180/590 (31%).96
Arrest rhythm<.0001
 Asystole352/504 (70%)10/40 (25%)365/548 (67%)
 PEA107/504 (21%)25/40 (62%)133/548 (24%)
 VF45/504 (9%)5/40 (13%)50/548 (9%)
  • Note that the denominators reflect the total number of patients for that subcategory with available data. The denominators for survivors and nonsurvivors do not add up to the total, because there were 5 patients missing data with respect to survival.