TABLE 1.

Characteristics of Study Participants (N = 735)

n (%)*
Child characteristics
 Age
  19–24 mo291 (39)
  25–29 mo210 (29)
  30–35 mo234 (32)
 Race/ethnicity
  White (non-Hispanic)265 (64)
  Black (non-Hispanic)161 (15)
  Hispanic291 (18)
  Other18 (4)
 Insurance status
  Private only354 (56)
  Public only204 (25)
  Other112 (13)
  Uninsured65 (6)
 Managed care participation (n = 644)
  Yes481 (72)
  No163 (28)
 First-born
  Yes264 (38)
  No471 (62)
 Household income
  Below poverty200 (23)
  Above poverty, <$75 000361 (53)
  Above poverty, ≥$75 00094 (16)
  Unknown80 (8)
Mother characteristics
 Age
  <20 y34 (4)
  20–24 y152 (20)
  25–29 y192 (23)
  30–34 y179 (27)
  35–39 y122 (19)
  40–44 y45 (7)
  45–49 y9 (1)
 Marital status
  Never married188 (21)
  Married474 (70)
  Widowed/divorced/separated71 (9)
 Educational level
  <High school143 (20)
  High school graduate230 (33)
  >High school362 (47)
Utilization characteristics
 Child has particular clinician for well-child care
  Yes316 (45)
  No413 (54)
 Usual setting for well-child care
  Private/group practice536 (76)
  Urgent care/walk-in clinic/ED19 (2)
  Community/public health clinic126 (16)
  Hospital clinic40 (4)
  Other10 (2)
  No one place/don’t know4 (0)
 WIC participation
  Ever440 (53)
  Never282 (44)
  • ED indicates emergency department.

  • * The sample sizes (n) in each category are unweighted; the frequencies (%) are weighted.

  • Asked only of insured children.