TABLE 4.

Adjusted OR and Confidence Intervals for Factors Associated With Reporting That Clinician Asked About Topics in Family and Community Issues

Parental Health (OR [95% CI])Household Smokers (OR [95% CI])Household Drug Use or Alcohol (OR [95% CI])Emotional Support From Spouse or Others (OR [95% CI])Financial Difficulties (OR [95% CI])Community Violence (OR [95% CI])
Maternal education
 <High school1.23 (0.84–1.82)0.90 (0.52–1.54)0.77 (0.50–1.16)0.98 (0.67–1.45)0.90 (0.54–1.49)1.20 (0.76–1.89)
 High school graduate1.26 (0.82–1.92)0.65 (0.38–1.13)0.58* (0.37–0.91)0.97 (0.64–1.48)0.95 (0.51–1.77)0.96 (0.52–1.77)
 >High school1.001.001.001.001.001.00
Race/ethnicity
 White1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Black1.55* (1.08–2.23)1.47 (0.94–2.31)2.19* (1.50–3.20)1.49* (1.05–2.13)1.48 (0.87–2.53)1.82 (0.99–3.35)
 Hispanic1.07 (0.77–1.49)1.40 (0.93–2.11)2.08* (1.48–2.91)1.20 (0.87–1.67)0.97 (0.57–1.64)2.68* (1.60–4.49)
 Other0.61 (0.34–1.08)0.66 (0.34–1.27)1.18 (0.63–2.21)1.12 (0.62–2.02)0.62 (0.28–1.39)0.48 (0.16–1.40)
Maternal age
 ≤19 y1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 20–34 y0.60 (0.36–1.01)1.10 (0.55–2.22)1.90* (1.05–3.44)1.39 (0.86–2.25)0.59 (0.34–1.05)0.61 (0.33–1.14)
 ≥35 y0.63 (0.35–1.13)0.76 (0.35–1.66)1.34 (0.69–2.61)1.23 (0.70–2.16)0.45* (0.22–0.95)0.71 (0.32–1.56)
Age of child
 4–9 mo1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 10–18 mo0.48* (0.34–0.67)0.67 (0.43–1.06)0.77 (0.54–1.09)0.61* (0.43–0.86)0.86 (0.54–1.36)0.59 (0.34–1.00)
 19–35 mo0.38* (0.27–0.53)0.48* (0.31–0.73)0.60* (0.42–0.85)0.44* (0.32–0.62)0.57* (0.37–0.89)0.67 (0.41–1.09)
Marital status
 Married1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Divorced/separated/widowed1.08 (0.76–1.54)0.97 (0.58–1.61)1.18 (0.81–1.72)0.94 (0.66–1.34)1.12 (0.69–1.83)1.45 (0.89–2.35)
 Never married1.28 (0.75–2.18)1.15 (0.56–2.38)1.11 (0.61–2.03)0.88 (0.53–1.46)0.61 (0.30–1.22)2.08 (0.99–4.37)
Household income
 ≤17 5001.00 (0.60–1.66)2.34* (1.23–4.45)1.69 (0.98–2.91)1.42 (0.85–2.36)2.46* (1.09–5.59)1.05 (0.43–2.54)
 17 501–35 0001.14 (0.74–1.75)1.87* (1.12–3.11)1.25 (0.81–1.93)1.18 (0.77–1.81)2.15* (1.07–4.33)0.64 (0.28–1.47)
 35 001–60 0000.94 (0.62–1.44)1.78* (1.13–2.79)1.14 (0.74–1.77)1.33 (0.88–2.01)1.40 (0.69–2.84)0.72 (0.29–1.81)
 >60 0001.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Don’t know or refused1.04 (0.60–1.78)1.54 (0.86–2.76)1.12 (0.64–1.95)1.37 (0.79–2.35)1.66 (0.71–3.90)0.96 (0.34–2.71)
Region of the country Northeast1.04 (0.71–1.53)0.69 (0.44–1.09)0.55 (0.37–0.83)0.75 (0.51–1.09)0.65 (0.36–1.16)1.09 (0.61–1.97)
 Midwest0.92 (0.63–1.35)1.00 (0.62–1.59)0.67 (0.45–1.00)0.81 (0.56–1.19)1.35 (0.78–2.33)0.76 (0.41–1.42)
 South0.65 (0.46–0.92)1.00 (0.65–1.53)0.61 (0.43–0.87)0.75 (0.53–1.06)0.63 (0.37–1.07)0.95 (0.58–1.58)
 West1.001.001.001.001.001.00
Health insurance
 Private only1.001.001.001.001.001.00
 Public only1.23 (0.86–1.78)1.51 (0.94–2.42)1.63* (1.11–2.40)1.25 (0.87–1.80)1.85* (1.09–3.14)3.53* (1.91–6.54)
 Both0.95 (0.62–1.46)1.46 (0.87–2.43)1.41 (0.92–2.16)1.25 (0.82–1.91)1.44 (0.84–2.47)1.93 (0.92–4.06)
 Uninsured0.77 (0.41–1.46)0.78 (0.42–1.47)1.55 (0.82–2.92)1.07 (0.62–1.86)1.22 (0.57–2.61)2.19 (0.79–6.08)
Type of provider
 Pediatrician1.00 (0.75–1.33)1.07 (0.77–1.48)0.70* (0.53–0.92)0.95 (0.72–1.25)1.03 (0.70–1.52)1.06 (0.66–1.72)
 Family practitioner1.94* (1.17–3.23)1.42 (0.73–2.75)0.96 (0.53–1.74)1.27 (0.76–2.13)0.73 (0.37–1.42)0.90 (0.41–1.96)
 Nonphysician2.06 (0.96–4.44)3.89* (1.03–14.65)1.64 (0.65–4.11)1.40 (0.68–2.88)2.71 (0.97–7.53)0.60 (0.21–1.70)
 No regular provider1.001.001.001.001.001.00
Site of care
 Private or group practice1.08 (0.74–1.58)1.30 (0.83–2.03)1.10 (0.74–1.62)0.98 (0.68–1.41)1.09 (0.64–1.84)0.67 (0.39–1.15)
 Urgent care/hospital clinic/emergency department0.95 (0.58–1.57)1.26 (0.60–2.65)1.70 (0.96–3.00)0.78 (0.48–1.26)1.67 (0.89–3.16)0.66 (0.34–1.31)
 Community health center1.001.001.001.001.001.00
  • CI indicates confidence interval.

  • * P < .05.