TABLE 1

Selected Characteristics of Children by Family Type

Opposite-SexSame-Sex
Married (n = 1 369 789)Unmarried (n = 101 678)Dual Fathers (n = 1649)Dual Mothers (n = 3432)P
Health insurance coverage<.001
 Private77.537.763.367.5
 Public15.951.526.625.4
 Uninsured6.610.810.17.1
Age group<.001
 <1 year4.79.54.94.8
 1–5 years26.334.528.127.0
 6–17 years69.055.966.968.2
Race/ethnicity<.001
 White68.148.452.661.0
 Hispanic17.131.024.417.5
 Black5.412.111.611.9
 Asian5.21.45.93.2
 Multiple/other4.17.15.56.4<.001
Gender
 Male51.351.257.649.1
 Female48.748.842.550.9
Citizenship
 Citizen96.397.893.395.3<.001
 Naturalized1.00.22.73.1
 Noncitizen2.72.04.01.6
Disabled3.04.54.96.1<.001
Relationship to reference person<.001
 Biological son or daughter93.190.181.974.4
 Adopted son or daughter2.71.312.616.4
 Stepson or stepdaughter4.38.65.59.2
Age of reference person<.001
 15–24 years1.511.73.83.4
 25–34 years23.744.923.725.3
 35–44 years46.232.142.443.5
 45–54 years24.910.024.024.4
 55–64 years3.31.24.93.2
 ≥65 years0.30.11.30.2
Parent's income relative to FPG<.001
 < 00%9.125.912.312.8
 100%–200%17.431.120.417.2
 200%–300%18.119.219.316.1
 300%–400%16.010.813.213.5
 >400%39.412.934.740.3
Work status of parents<.001
 Any adult working full-time91.178.889.184.2
 Only part-time adult workers5.712.15.710.6
 All adults unemployed1.85.92.92.2
 All adults not in labor force1.53.22.42.9
Highest educational attainment of parents<.001
 Less than high school5.913.211.54.8
 High school graduate14.230.816.912.1
 Some college30.842.130.332.2
 College degree or more49.113.941.450.9
Total number of children in household<.001
 <262.463.661.670.9
 ≥337.636.438.429.1
Primary language spoken at home<.001
 English only71.066.061.174.6
 Not English29.034.038.925.4
  • Source: 2008–2010 American Community Survey. Data presented are weighted percentages. FPG, federal poverty guidelines defined by the US Department of Health and Human Services.