TABLE 3.

Maternal Characteristics of Cocaine/Opiate-Exposed and Comparison Groups

Cocaine/Opiate Exposed (N = 658; %)Comparison (N = 730; %)
Race
 Black75.078.2
 White17.214.4
 Hispanic6.46.3
 Other (non-Hispanic)1.41.1
Age
 18–2521.352.4
 26–3564.540.2
 36–4914.27.4
Marital status
 Married11.925.7
 Never married83.672.3
 Divorced/widowed4.42.1
Insurance
 Medicaid88.177.4
 Self-pay5.34.1
 Private/HMO5.918.1
 Unknown.60.40
Education
 <12 y48.531.2
 12 y34.644.4
 ≥13 y17.024.5
Prenatal care (any)78.596.3
  • HMO indicates health maintenance organization.